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I. MUSICAL TRADITIONS OF CHULOVSKIY'S FAMILY

The dynasty of doctors Chulovskiy has been founded by famous surgeon Ivan Chulovskiy in XIX century.
Music was highly honoured in Chulovskiy's family. One can find not only amateurs, but also professional musicians among members of this family .

The founder of the
dynasty --
Ivan Chulovskiy,
famous Russian surgeon,
the Actual Civil Counsellor

Mikhail Chulovskiy,
pharmacist,
mandoline-player

A family in the beginning
of the XX century

Nickolaj Chulovskiy
surgeon, Titular Counsellor,
amateur-violinist

Natalia
Chulovskaya-Andrejchenko

(mother of A.Chulovskiy),
professional pianist,
pupil of Maria Karchewska-Kryzanowska


Natalia Chulovskaya (mother of Andrey Chulovskiy) and her brother Eustafij Chulovskiy played a lot the piano four hands during their childhood and youth. They both were pupils of famous Polish piano teacher Maria Karchewska-Kryzanovska - graduater of Warsow conservatoire. Thus they both inherited the Polish tradition of piano playing. They were participants of some music festivals in Omsk performing music by Mozart, Schubert, Brahms and Chopin.


Eustafij Chulovskiy

Natalia Chulovskaya

Duet of young pianists: Eustafij and Natalia

Natalia (playing the piano)
and her sister Lidia
who also
studied the piano playing


During the last years of World War II young Eustafij Chulovskiy became a pilot passfinder. Unfortunately he fallen in the battle in 1945 on the sky above Poland at the age of 23. His last heroic flight took place in January 1945 in the area near Zelazowa Wola - the place of birth of great Polish composer Frederic Chopin (according to archive documents, he had an order to collect information about railways and roads near Lowicz, Skiernewice, Kutno and Leezyca - the territory which was occupied by nazists that time) -- see sensational info here. In one of his last letters from Poland, written in November 1944 and addressed to Natalia, he wrote: '... as you remember I have some knowledge in literature and music, and I try now to I occupy my mind by this as possible ...' Maybe it is symbolic that it happened near the place, filled in by spirit of Chopin ...

Ignazi Paderewsky

Maria Karchewska-Krysanowska

LIT.: Fiodorova G.V., Reznikov S.G. Medical dynasties of Western Siberia in historical-biographic essays. The end of XIX - beginning XX century. In Russian. - Omsk, 1999, 495 p.



II. THE GREAT TRADITIONS OF MUSIC COMPOSITION


Olga Dmitrievna Semionova, Chulovskiy's first teacher of music, was a honour music teacher.
Rector of the Moscow conservatoire professor Vissarion Shebalin was her pupil.
She knew Sergej Prokofiev, Dmitrij Shostakovich, Dmitrij Kabalevskij well personally. Once she was keen to introduce her talanted pupil composer Vladislav Uspensky to Dmitry Shostakovich. Shostakovich valued highly his music and gave his consent to teach Uspensky at the conservatoire. Then Uspensky became a professor of the St Petersburg conservatoire. Semionova tryed to teach Andrey both piano and composition. Above all, Andrey had a responsibility to paint the cover design of the concert poster every year.

A friendly atmosphere in the class of Semionova had helped to Andrey Chulovskiy to feel him well. She told her pupils about her impressions from operas by Rimsky-Korsakov and Tchaikovsky, which she had a chance to listen in St Petersburg Mariinsky Opera Theatre at the beginning of XX century -- very soon after the creation of this masterpieces.


The creative work by Vissarion Jakovlevich Shebalin exert a great influence upon Andrey Chulovskiy. Chulovskiy played piano sonatinas by Shebalin and also very difficult piano Rondo, which has been performed for the first time by Lev Oborin, famous Russian pianist virtuoso. The museum of the Omsk music college named after V.Shebalin, where Chulovskiy studied and then teached, has a very interesting collection of scores and manuscripts by Shebalin.

Among Shebalin's pupils are very famous and well-known now composers:
L.M.Auster, E.V.Denisov, S.A.Gubajdullina, K.S.Khachaturjan, T.Khrennikov, V.Kuchera, A.N.Pahmutova, V.R.Tormis.

Vissarion Jakovlevich Shebalin was criticized in 1947 by Soviet government as a composer who followed the course of 'formalism'. His name is mentions in the 'Resolution' from 10 February 1948 side by side with leading composers: 'This course of formalism became apparent more clear in the works of such composers as D.Shostakovich, S.Prokofiev, A.Khachaturjan, V.Shebalin, G.Popov, N.Mjaskovsky and others'. Famous violoncellist Mstislav Rostropovich said once to the correspondent of one newspaper in Omsk, native city of Shebalin, that Shebalin was for him and his friends as 'ruling dominant influence' when he was a student of the Moscow conservatoire. As a rector of the Moscow conservatoire, Shebalin took upon himself the most strong part of criticism and as a result of the 'resolution' he has been retired very soon and then died.


The last photo of Vissarion Jakovlevich Shebalin.
(Original from the archiv of Chulovskiy's family:
this photo has been presented by Alisa Shebalina
to mother of Andrey Chulovskiy.)

During many years Natalia Tchulovskaya (mother of Andrey) kept friendly contact with Alisa Shebalina -- wife of Shebalin and author of a few very interesting books about him. Natalia Tchulovskaya (as well as Andrey also) often visited Alisa Shebalina in Moscow staying at her home sometimes 2-3 months. Alisa Maximovna Shebalina took care of Andrey's education as a musician. She wrote to Natalia Tchulovskaya in one of her letters: '... I'd like to make you a glad by quotation from the letter of Professor Roizman. The letter is very long and interesting ... He write also about his pupil Andrey Chulovskiy: ' ... I met recently Omsk citizen Chulovskiy ... I took a liking to him from the first acquaintance. I am very glad that this first impression has been strengthened now; he aroses respect either as a musician and a person and without any doubt, we can to expect from him a big rise -- in many directions'. Well, how are you like such reference? -- I was very rejoiced for Andrey and for you too.'


Andrey Chulovskiy is very happy that he had an opportunity to be in touch with Rodion Shchedrin -- one of the most significant Russian composers of our times. Shchedrin has founded his own style of composition, his own musical world. And at the same time he has a strong connection with a traditions of Russian symphony, piano, choir, organ music as well as music of other genres includes polyphony in its 'pure origin'. As a head of the Russian Union of Composers, Shchedrin was a successor and follower of Shostakovich.

Andrey Chulovskiy likes the 'linear polyphony' by Shchedrin and as a result -- he has arranged for organ the big piano cycle 'Polyphonic Notebook' by Shchedrin.

Organ arrangement of Shchedrin's
'Polyphonic Notebook'

CD

Monograph by Prof Holopova
about Shchedrin




III. ST PETERSBURG PIANO TRADITION


As a pianist Andrey Chulovskiy was a pupil of legendary pianist professor Nathan Perelman. And what is more -- two other piano teachers of Chulovskiy (before Perelman) -- Stella Michajlova and professor Boris Lysenko -- was also pupils of Perelman. So he has a full Perelman-tradition of piano playing, which has demonstrated the top level of piano art: Perelman (as well as Richter and Gilels) was a pupil of Heinrich Neuhaus and then he studied the piano with professor Leonid Nickolaev, leading professor of St Petersburg conservatoire. Perelman is author of very popular book of aphorisms, reassued more then 10 times under the title 'In the piano class'.



Pianosonata by Chulovskiy
dedicated to Nathan Perelman

St Petersburg Conservatoire

Nathan Perelman


That was very prestigious to be a student of Perelman, especially to be among the main body of his class -- when Perelman gave regular lessons himself, not his assistants. There was a big concours to be taken to the main body of professor's class, and Andrey Chulovskiy has win that. During the most decisive period of Chulovskiy's study at the conservatoire (the last 5th year) he took lessons from Perelman every week and extra. As a result, he has obtained the qualification 'concert performer' (which has been given that time in very rare cases) after his final concert performance in the Glasunov Hall of the St Petersburg conservatoire.
After graduating from the conservatoire, Andrey Chulovskiy often visited professor Perelman and played the piano for him in his house on Tchaikovsky street in St Petersburg. Perelman had two grand pianos at home, so that was like at the conservatoire. A lot of famous musicians often visited Perelman at his home -- among them Emil Gilels, Jakov Zak and others.

Stella Georgievna Mikhajlova -- a teacher of Andrey Chulovskiy in Omsk Music College. She was a very talanted and experienced professional teacher who knew very well piano traditions of Bach.
She was one of the rear listeners, who visited the first recital of Glenn Gould in St. Petersburg.


Otherwise, the St Petersburg piano tradition has been accepted by Andrey Chulovskiy already from Olga Dmitrievna Semionova, his first teacher, who studied the piano with famous Anna Esipova side by side with Sergej Prokofjev.


Anna Esipova

Olga Dmitrievna Semionova and her pupils
(Andrey Chulovskiy -- second from the left in the second row).

In Donezk with Prof Valerij Semykin,
also pupil of Perelman.
International Prokofjev Fest





IV. THE ORGAN TRADITIONS


The great European organ tradition and especially Bach-Reger traditions has been accepted by Andrey Chulovskiy via his Latvian teachers professors Peteris Sipolnieks and Larissa Bulava. They both was a pupils of Nickolaj Vanadzins who followed by line of Reger-Straube. Larisa Bulava also perfected herself in the post graduate course of Leipzig Hochschule fuer music under the guidance of leading professor Wolfgang Schetelich -- pupil of Ander-Donat.

Peteris Sipolnieks

Class of Sipolnieks

Monograph by I.Grauzdina; photo: participants of concert seria 'Organ-Bach-Epouch', incl Prof L.Bulava and author of the monograph.

According to the traditions of Latvian conservatoire, students who studied the organ as the concert performers must play the big recital at the Riga DOM cathedral. As usual such recitals is announced widely as an important event. Thanks to popularity of the famous Walcker organ, the organ concerts in the Riga DOM is very attractive (as usual full house is guaranteed: 2500 persons). Andrey Chulovskiy remember that it was difficult to go to his own recital, because all the streets around the cathedral was full of those who keens to buy tickets: the ticket office as usual sold all tickets well in advance.

In the Riga Dom

The poster of Andrey Chulovskiy's recital

The Riga DOM

Andrey Chulovskiy accepted also the Russian organ tradition in Moscow, which is based partly on the French traditions. His teacher during his post-graduate course was leading organ professor of the Moscow conservatoire Leonid Roizman. Roizman is known as the author of the monographie "The organ in Russia" which has been translated from Russian into German. He stimulated the interest to organology among his pupils. So he gave to Andrey Chulovskiy the idea to research the activity of Albert Schweitzer which was connected with organ playing and organ building.

The French tradition in Moscow is cultivated thanks to the organ 'Cavaille-Coll', which has been installed in the beginning of XX century: Charles Marie Widor played the inauguration of this organ.

During the concert in the Grand Hall of the Moscow conservatoire.

Celebration of the Jubilee of orgen professor Alexander Gedike. (Photo from Chulovskiy's archiv which was presented to him by professor Roizman).

After the concert in memoir of Gedike at the Grand Hall of the Moscow conservatoire. Prof Roizman in the centre, A.Chulovskiy - to the right




Copyright © A.V.Chulovskiy. All rights reserved.
Management, text & design: Olga Pomeranskaya